Blockchain development hinges on programming languages, much like any sort of software development. Although platforms like Moralis make blockchain programming easier than ever, you should still know about the most popular languages when developing your dApps (decentralized applications). Moreover, the blockchain sector is in acute need of more proficient programmers and Web3 developers. As such, now is a great time to transition towards the Web3 industry if you’re already a Web3 developer. However, to become a blockchain developer, there are a few particular skills you need to master. For example, you’ll need to understand and be proficient in specific programming languages. For this reason, we’re going to look closer in this article at the best languages for blockchain development.
You might not have any previous development experience; however, with Moralis, becoming a blockchain developer is significantly easier! Even though prior development skills are favorable, there isn’t much you have to learn to, for example, create a dApp or tokens. With Moralis, it’s possible to eliminate some of the most cumbersome tasks of Web3 development, such as the need to develop a complex backend infrastructure.
Moreover, Moralis provides a handful of practical development tools that can aid you when developing dApps, fungible tokens, and NFTs (non-fungible tokens). For example, the platform provides Moralis Speedy Nodes and Moralis’ NFT and Price API.
So, if you are looking to become a blockchain developer, then the first step in the right direction is to sign up with Moralis. Signing up is free, and you’ll receive instantaneous access to all the platforms’ development tools!
However, if you’d like to learn more about these languages but prefer watching a video, check out the following clip from Moralis’ YouTube channel:
The Best Languages for Blockchain Development: Solidity
Since Solidity is specially designed for developing smart contracts, the language provides some already developed functions and commands. This means that developers, for example, can easily access timestamps for particular blocks and addresses on various chains. These commands and the orientation towards smart contracts make blockchain and smart contract development more seamless with Solidity.
Furthermore, this object-oriented programming language enables developers to create EVM-compatible smart contracts. This means that whenever a contract is finalized, it’s compiled into EVM’s bytecode. As such, any chain using the EVM can also run the contracts developed using Solidity. For this reason, it is possible to code smart contracts for most major blockchains such as BSC, Ethereum, Polygon, etc. This means that learning Solidity doesn’t limit you to Ethereum development but gives you further opportunities for the industry.
Moreover, when explaining Solidity, we’ve mentioned smart contracts consistently. If you are new to the world of blockchain, this might be an unfamiliar concept to you. As such, we’ll dive deeper into the topic of what smart contracts are in the following section.
Furthermore, if you have an interest in learning Solidity, then visit Ivan on Tech Academy. There you’ll find courses on Ethereum development that covers the development of smart contracts with Solidity.
What are Smart Contracts?
Smart contracts are one of the most well-known examples of blockchain development, and are vital when creating dApps. To explain what they are, we’re going to be using Ethereum’s blockchain as an example. So, when it comes to Ethereum development, smart contracts are essentially programs running on the blockchain. Any Ethereum smart contract has two essential parts: 1) the functions of the contract and 2) its data. Once deployed, this information is then stored on a specific Ethereum address.
Furthermore, all smart contracts are also a specific type of account. Since they are accounts of the network, they have a balance and can make transactions on the chain. However, they differ from regular user accounts in the way that no user actually controls them. Instead, the code of the contract controls the account and decides if a transaction will execute.
It is not uncommon to compare smart contracts to digital vending machines, and this is an excellent analogy to explain how they function. So, imagine a contract as a vending machine; you first input some funds, the machine then analyses the amount, and if it’s sufficient, it returns something as a result. However, instead of returning a physical product, the smart contract often executes some form of on-chain transaction.
Furthermore, one of the many remarkable things about the blockchain community is the amount of open-source code. There are many smart contracts already written and available online, meaning that you, in many cases, don’t even need to write your own contracts. As such, it’s possible to create dApps without having to construct a single contract from scratch.
The Best Languages for Blockchain Development: Rust
It is possible to utilize Solidity when developing on most of the significant blockchains available on the market. However, there are some exceptions, meaning that another language is necessary to create smart contracts. For example, if you’d like to build on Solana, Solidity won’t work, and instead, you’ll need to work with Rust when creating smart contracts. So, what is Rust?
Rust is a multi-paradigm, statically typed, low-level programming language that emphasizes security and performance. The language set out to solve some of the most significant C++ and C programming issues, such as building concurrent programs.
Here are three of the most prominent benefits of Rust’s programming language:
- The compiler ensures better memory safety.
- More accessible concurrency.
- Zero-cost abstractions.
Even though development on most blockchains requires the same languages, some exceptions are out there. However, one constant and commonality for most blockchain development is the possibility to utilize Moralis.
Moralis is the ultimate middleware for Web3 development, and the platform provides an already developed backend infrastructure for its users. As such, Moralis allows developers to avoid the complex development process of setting up a backend.
- Logging in users.
- Fetching balances regarding everything from NFTs to fungible tokens.
- Fetching transactions.
- Getting smart contract events.
- Sending transactions.
So, if you’re looking to become a blockchain developer, you should sign up with Moralis right away. This will give you immediate access to the platform’s tools, including the SDK.
The Best Languages for Blockchain Development – Summary
As such, signing up with Moralis is the first step towards becoming a top-tier blockchain developer! Joining the platform is completely free, and you can begin your development journey right away. Also, check out Moralis’ free guides on everything from the limitations of RPC nodes, the BEP20 testnet, or NFT token development with Moralis’ comprehensive NFT API.